Eve Dufour, M. Ed., Producer, French Educational Content for the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario, LD@school Social Identity The demographic of students that attend Ontario schools is incredibly diverse and educators have a responsibility to ensure the inclusivity of all students. In 2014, the Ontario Ministry of Education published Equity and Inclusive Education in Ontario [...]
Explicit Instruction: A Teaching Strategy in Reading, Writing, and Mathematics for Students with Learning Disabilities
Explicit instruction involves using highly structured and sequenced steps to teach a specific skill. With this approach, the educator intentionally aims to teach students with learning disabilities using a series of actions in three main stages.
By Carole Boudreau, Anne Rodrigue, Véronique Parent, Julie Myre-Bisaillon, and Annick Tremblay-Bouchard According to Okolo and Ferretti (2013), teaching history to high school students with learning disabilities (LDs) can be challenging. Reflect on the many skills that are required to understand content: a significant capacity for memorizing and recalling information, the use of a specific and [...]
By Kyle Robinson and Dr. Nancy L. Hutchinson Introduction: Why Focus on Secondary School? The school cultures of elementary and secondary school are very different, as any teacher who has taught in both settings can attest to. Numerous studies have alluded to the fractured (alternatively “balkanized” or “siloed”) nature of secondary schools; the division of [...]
Supporting secondary students with learning disabilities to verbalize what they understand of a text; select the important information; and articulate their thoughts sets an intention for reading that improves comprehension.
This introductory video presents the Tiered Approach and its application by the Thunder Bay Catholic District School Board (TBCDSB). This video features interviews with teachers, resource teachers, principals, a special education coordinator and a superintendent of education discussing tier 1, 2 and 3 reading interventions used by the TBCDSB. The programs discussed are: Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), which is used as a tier 1 intervention, Success by 7, which is used as a tier 2 intervention, and the Empower™ Reading Program, which is used as a tier 3 intervention. We hope this concrete example of the application of the tiered approach by an Ontario school will inspire educators across the province.
In this podcast, the panel members discuss classroom issues facing students with learning disabilities and the critical role that teachers play in supporting students with LDs. Additionally, the podcast includes a previously recorded interview between Lawrence and Elisa Blasi, a student at York University and self-advocate, who shares her own classroom experiences, and what she perceived as the stigma, of growing up with a learning disability.
The Ministry has devised a three-tier system. This is often referred to as Response to Intervention (RTI) outside of Ontario, a process whereby sound, evidence-based, differentiated teaching is used to instruct all students, but students who do not respond to this instruction, or who need further help, are moved up through a series of increasingly intensive interventions.
Summarized by Cindy Perras, M.Ed., OCT Educational Consultant, LDAO EduGAINS is an Ontario Ministry of Education website which provides Ministry developed resources to support policies and programs related to improved learning and teaching, for grades K – 12; the target audience for these resources is Ontario educators. In addition to the Ministry developed resources, the [...]
Understanding Learning Disabilities: How Processing Affects Learning, developed by the York Region District School Board, is a comprehensive resource designed for educators working with students with learning disabilities, from kindergarten to grade 12. Referred to as the “waterfall chart”, this resource provides the starting points to think, plan and support programming in response to a student’s assessed areas of strength and/or need.