Related Resources on the LD@school Website

Access the following LD@school resources to deepen your understanding of self-advocacy:

Click here to read the article “Strategies to Teach Self-Advocacy Skills”, by Mary Land and Cheryll Duquette.

Click here to read the article “A Teacher’s Journey with Student Self-Advocacy”, by Julia Osborne.

Click here to read the article “Fostering Self-Advocacy – Tip Sheet”, submitted by Lynn Ziraldo, Dr. Sue Ball and Liz Ablett.

Click here to view the video “Our Self-Advocacy Pamphlet Journey”, created by Mike Di Donato and his Grade Eight Students.

Click here to access the evidence-based strategy, “Supporting the Development of Self-Advocacy” by Léna Bergeron and Dr. Nadia Rousseau.

Click here to access the Talk LD podcast, "Supporting Students on their Self-Advocacy Journey".

Click here to access the podcast,“ The Journey to Becominga Self-Advocate: Three Students’ Perspectives”.

Click here and access the practice-informed article, “Effective Parent-Teacher Partnerships: Considerations for Educators” by Cindy Perras.

Click here to access the Ask the Experts article, “What does a student need to know about his/her learning disability in order to be his/her own self-advocate?”

Click here to read an article written by self-advocate, Elisa Blasi, "The Elephant in the Room"

Click here to access the video “Building Self-Advocates: The Key to Student Success”.


Bergeron, L. (2013). L’autodétermination : un tremplin pour soutenir le goût de l’école. In: S. Ouellet (Ed.), Une histoire de passion – Soutenir le goût de l’école. Quebec City, Quebec: Presses de l'Université du Québec, Collection Éducation/Intervention.

Durlak, C., Rose, E., & Bursuck, W. (1994). Preparing high school students with learning disabilities for the transition to postsecondary education: Teaching the skills of self-determination. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 27(1), 51-59.

Egly, N. (1987). Self-advocacy and assertiveness for the disabled college student and how to use self-advocacy skills. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 286 311. University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

Ellis, E., Deshler, D., Lenz, B., Schumaker, J., & Clark, F. (1991). An instructional model for teaching learning strategies. Focus on Exceptional Children, 23(6), 1-24.

Field, S., Sarver, M., & Shaw, S. (2003). Self-determination: A key to success in postsecondary education for students with learning disabilities. Remedial and Special Education, 24(6), 339-349.

Kotzer, E., & Margalit, M. (2007). Perception of competence: risk and protective predictors following an e-self-advocacy intervention for adolescents with learning disabilities. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 22(4), 443-457.

Merchant, D., & Gajar, A. (1997). A review of the literature on self-advocacy components in transition programs for students with learning disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 8(3), 223-231.

Michaels, C. (1994). Transition strategies for persons with learning disabilities. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group, Inc.

Mishna, F., Muskrat, B., Farnia, F., & Weiner, J. (2011). The effects of a school-based program on the reported self-advocacy knowledge of students with learning disabilities. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 57(2), 185-203.

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2004). The Individual Education Plan (IEP): A Resource Guide. Retrieved from Ministry of Education:

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2007). Shared Solutions: A Guide to Preventing and Resolving Conflicts Regarding Programs and Services for Students with Special Education Needs. Retrieved from Ministry of Education:

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2010). Parents in Partnership: A Parent Engagement Policy for Ontario Schools. Retrieved from Ministry of Education:

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2017). Special Education in Ontario, Kindergarten to Grade 12: Policy and Resource Guide. Retrieved from Ministry of Education:

Phillips, P. (2001). A self-advocacy plan for high school students with learning disabilities: A comparative case study analysis of students’, teachers’, and parents’ perceptions of program effects. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 23(8), 466-471.

Prater, M., Redman, A., Anderson, D., & Gibb, G. (2014). Teaching adolescent students with learning disabilities to self-advocate for accommodations. Intervention in School and Clinic, 49(5), 298-305.

Van Reusen, A., & Bos, C. (1994). Facilitating student participation in individualized education programs through motivation strategy instruction. Exceptional Children, 60(5), 466-475.

Vogel, S., & Adelman, P. (1993). Success for college: Students with learning disabilities. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Wehmeyer, M.L., Agran, M., & Hughes, C. (1998). Teaching self-determination to students with disabilities. Basic skills for successful transition. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.

Wehmeyer, M.L. and Field, S.L. (2007). Self-determination : instructional and assessment strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Zhang, D. (2001). The effect of Next S.T.E.P. instruction on the self-determination skills of high school students with learning disabilities. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 24(2), 121-132.

Ziraldo, L. (2016). Working Together: Effective Advocacy and Collaboration. Powerpoint Presentation.