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Understanding Learning Disabilities: How Processing Affects Learning, developed by the York Region District School Board, is a comprehensive resource designed for educators working with students with learning disabilities, from kindergarten to grade 12. Referred to as the “waterfall chart”, this resource provides the starting points to think, plan and support programming in response to a student’s assessed areas of strength and/or need. The waterfall chart lists various processing areas, including: phonological processing, language, visual-motor skills, memory, processing speed, attention and executive function. Additionally, the waterfall chart provides a definition, possible signs, instructional strategies, environmental strategies, assessment strategies, and possible assistive technology for each of these processing areas. To support the implementation of this practical tool, the York Region District School Board developed a companion guide, which includes all of the information from the waterfall chart (in a sequentially flowing format), along with recommendations on how to use the chart and templates for students to assist in the understanding of their own strengths and needs.

Click here to view the Understanding Learning Disabilities: How Processing Affects Learning Chart.

Click here to view the Understanding Learning Disabilities: How Processing Affects Learning Waterfall Chart.

Note: Do not reproduce without permission from the York Region District School Board.

To better understand how to put the York Waterfall Chart to use in your school board, school, or classroom, Dr. Sue Ball of the York Region District School Board explains some of the reasoning for the creation of the chart, and some of the ways it has been used in York Region in the video below:

Click here to access a copy of the transcript for this video.