Mnemonic instruction is a set of strategies designed to help students improve their memory of new information. Mnemonics instruction links new information to prior knowledge through the use of visual and/or acoustic cues. Mnemonic instruction has been shown to significantly aid in recall, retention, and understanding.
Some mnemonic devices that are commonly used in the math classroom are:
To cue students to recall simple math facts from memory, or rely on previously learned strategies, use:
If students are having trouble with using SOLVE or DRAW, SIGNS may provide enough extra cues to solve the problem.
For solving word problems:
For students who can read and understand word problems, but who have difficulty developing an equation to solve them:
While research supports the use of mnemonic devices for some students with LDs, it is important to note that the devices rely on verbal skills and memory, and therefore may not be best suited for students with deficits in these areas.